Bone Broth has been a staple for centuries in cuisines across the world. Bone broth has exploded in the human food industry, and that has now translated to the pet industry.
Whether it is feeding your dog or cat bone broth, bone Broth for dogs and cats can be found as freeze-dried or dehydrated powders in addition to its traditional form. It is included in a variety of treats for dogs and cats. We even sell bone broth and bone broth treats. There are hundreds of articles about the benefits of bone broth for our dogs and cats, but is bone broth really as great as marketers would have us believe?
Many people argue that bone broth is the answer to all that ills our dogs and cats.
The Benefits of bone broth include but are not limited to helping to treat leaky gut, and digestive issues, strengthening bones and joints, supporting healthy skin, boosting the immune system, and promoting probiotic balance and growth.
What is Bone Broth?
Bone broth is a nutrient-dense stock that is made from animal parts that are generally considered inedible today. It comes from a time when it was important to use every piece of the animal. Bone Broth is made from slow-cooking bones, marrow, tendons, and ligaments with an acid. Sometimes, various herbs or vegetables are added.
Nutrient Content of Bone Broth
Long bones are composed mainly of dense layers with a high mineral content, while flat bones like rib bones have more loose, spongy layers, which contain bone marrow that forms red blood cells.
Collagen a group of amino acids is found in bones, skin, joints, tendons, and ligaments. Type I is found in bone, skin, ligaments, tendons. Type II is found in the cartilage. Type III is found in bone marrow and lymph, also known as reticulin fiber. When Collagen is broken down, it becomes a gelatin.
Bone marrow is found deep in the center of the bone. There are two types: red bone marrow and yellow bone marrow. Yellow bone marrow is higher in fat cells, whereas red bone marrow is higher in platelets. Red bone marrow contains reticulin fibers or type III collagen.
Bone broth can be high in minerals such as calcium and magnesium. Recent research, however, showed that bones cooked for twelve hours were found to only contain 361 mg per kg of calcium for the long bone while the rib bone was 291 mg.
Cooking bones longer should yield more of those minerals in the broth.
More and more people and companies are using Instapots or pressure cookers to speed up the time it takes to make the bone broth. As of right now, there are no published studies evaluating how it alters the actual nutrient makeup of bone broth, but if/when those studies are published, we will be sure to update this post.
Now which Bones, Cartilage, Tendons, and the amount of Skin all influence the actual nutrient content of bone broth. Cooking time and the amount of vinegar used also impact the actual nutrient content of bone broth. It takes a long time for bones to break down. In both the human and pet food space, there are definitely bone broths that are just expensive stocks.
How to tell if the Bone Broth your buying is actual Bone Broth or just an expensive Stock?
Leave the bone broth in the fridge to thaw. If after it is completely thawed it has a Jello like consistency, then it is bone broth. If it is more liquidly then it is a stock.
The sediment at the bottom of any bone broth is also extremely important, as that is where many of the nutrients are actually located. So, while it doesn’t look appealing in the least that is where much of the nutritional value is located.
Now, Bone Broth can be rich in a variety of nutrients. Bone Broth can be rich in not just Collagen, but also many essential vitamins, minerals, and amino acids. In addition to essential nutrients it also can contain others compounds such as Hyaluronic Acid, Glucosamine, and Chondroitin.
calcium, phosphorous, potassium, magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, manganese, selenium. It also provides several amino acids namely glutamine, arginine, glycine, and proline.
Bone broth can be a great source of glucosamine, chondroitin, and hyaluronic acid. These all help support joints’ elasticity, strength and flexibility. Hyaluronic acid is the main component in synovial fluid, which acts as a joint lubricant. While collagen helps form connective tissue. The research on glucosamine and chondroitin have been mixed. There are studies that demonstrated positive effects and there are studies that show little to no effect. This could be a post on its own. When it comes to arthritis in our pets, and humans it is possible that they work better as preventative, and not necessarily as treatment options.
In a study conducted on rats, the amino acid glycine has been shown to protect the gastric mucosa against chemically and stress-induced ulcers.
Glycine improves digestive health, through inhibiting cytokines, thus decreasing inflammation in the gut lining. Glycine helps with sealing the mucosal layer in the intestines. It aids in liver detoxification and helps with fructose malabsorption.
Our Bone Broth for Dogs
We Slow Cook our Bone Broth for dogs over the course of 48 Hours. We use Organic Apple Cider Vinegar to help break down and release the collagen of the bones. This allows for it to turn into a thick gelatin. It is then cooled, and the Fat is removed. The Bone Broth is then further concentrated.
Our Frozen Bone Broth for dogs (Only Available Locally) comes in 2 options besides the different proteins. The First Option is Just Bone Broth. The second option is Bone Broth+ includes Beetroot, Watercress, Bok Choy, Marshmallow Root, Ginger, Turmeric, and Black Pepper.
Our Freeze Dried Bone Broth which is coming soon, will be available as Beetroot, Watercress, Bok Choy, Marshmallow Root, Ginger, Turmeric, and Black Pepper.
We currently offer Beef, Lamb, Duck, Pork, and Chicken. With Buffalo, Elk, Venison, and Llama being available intermittently.
If you would like to see an ingredient added or subtracted, please email us firstname.lastname@example.org and we are happy to accommodate your request.
All of the ingredients in our Bone Broths serve a purpose beyond just adding bulk ie Tapioca.
Ultimately bone broth may not be the miracle cure-all superfood that many marketers would have people believe. Just because it’s not a miracle superfood doesn’t mean it isn’t healthy or beneficial. There is some evidence that supports the claim of it being a beneficial inclusion to your dog or cat’s diet. Including Bone Broth is ultimately similar to Pascal Wager. In that, you don’t really lose anything by including it, but there are several potential benefits to including it in your pets diet.
The additional benefit of Bone Broth for dogs and cats is it can be used as a relatively low-calorie food topper to entice your picky dog or cat to eat their food.